Best destinations of Rome

Rome:The story

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Rome/Roma is the capital of Italy and a special commune with 3,000 years of culture,history and mythology.  Rome was founded by two brothers Romulus and Remus around 753 AD.

After the fall of the western empire during the middle ages; Rome was taken over by the Papal union until it became the capital of the papal states around 1870.

Starting from 15th century all popes came together to make Rome the artistic and cultural centre of the world. A birthplace of the Baroque and the Neoclassical period. Rome is a global city ranked as the 13th most visited city in the world. It has 51 UNESCO sites and its monuments and museums receive million visitors each year

In 1870, it had become the capital of Italy.Rome is also a fashion capital thanks to many Italian designers like Fettuccine.

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Top destinations to visit in Rome

Colosseum

The Colosseum is a Flavian  amphitheater in the city of Rome.

It was built of concrete and sand. It is the largest amphitheater ever built. It was built by emperor Vespasian in 72 AD and was completed by Titus in 80 AD. It has said to have received 50,000-80,000 spectators. It held gladiatorial conquests and mock battles.It was soon expanded for dramas,animal hunts, executions and punishments. In the medieval ages it began to be used as a fortress, quarry, workshops and ordinary people began to live in this structure.

It is one of the seven wonders of the world. The site was chosen close to the Palatine hills.

Later in 217 AD, it was damaged by a fire and in 6th century AD by two earthquakes that left it in disarray.

A chapel was built adjoining it in the middle ages when Rome became a Christian state.

Colosseum and Neha

Palatine hill

Palatine hill is one of the centremost hills of Rome lying near the Colosseum is a very ancient part of the city, From the time of Augustus imperial palaces were built here.

Excavations show people to be living here since 10th century BC.  It was an entire city where palaces, granaries, open cemeteries and temples of Gods such as Venus were found. Ancient festivals such as Lupercalia were also celebrated here. From the start of the empire, Augustus built his palace here. A great fire of 64 AD destroyed Nero’s palace.

Palatine hill: One of the most ancient sites of Roma

 

The Vatican museum and its customs

The Vatican museums are Christian and art museums located around the city. They display works from the immense collections of the Pope.

The museums contain roughly 70,000 works, of which 20,000 are on display.

The Vatican was founded by Pope Julius ii in the 16th century.   There are 54 galleries, with the Sistine Chapel within the Museum. It is one of the largest museums in the world.Pope Clement XIV founded the Pio-Clementine museum in 1771, and originally it contained the Renaissance and antique works. The museum and collection were enlarged by Clement’s successor Pius VI.

Today, the museum houses works of Greek and Roman sculpture. Some notable galleries are:

Greek gallery- Sculptures from the Greek myths like Helen.

Sala Rotunda- Mosaics on the wall and floor related to the Roman era like the god Hercules

Gallery of statues- This contains statues from the Roman heritage like Sleeping Aranade.

Salla Anamali- It has statues of animals.

Museums Gregariono- Museums which has vases and other sculpture of Etruscan period a civilization just after the Roman period in Europe.

Museumino Egypt: This has collections from Egyptian civilization and also Mesopotamia

This museum also includes Raphael collections, Sistine Chapel and St Peter’s Basilica.

 

The Vatican D!

Sistine chapel: This is an apostolic chapel situated inside the Vatican which is part of the Papal palace. In 1408 and 1412 frescoes were painted by Renaissance artists like Sandro Boticelli,Pietro  Perughinno etc. They painted scenes from Bible like Life of Moses and life of Jesus. And a ceiling painting was done by Michelangelo

Sistine chapel

between 1508 and 1512. It is known as the last judgement.

 

Santa Maria Popolo

It is a titular church and a minor Basilica in Rome run by the Augustinian order.  It stands on the north side of the Piaza De Popolo. It is one of the most important routes for travellers to enter. The church contains works by various artists like Raphael, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Andrea Bergano,etc. The early history of Santa Maria Popolo is missing in the annals of 13th century history and is full of legends. The most authentic source comes from the Catalogue of  Paris in the 13th century and the Franciscan community.

Santa Maria Popolo

 

Things to eat

 

There is also only one specialty of Italians that I liked is the Gelato ice cream. Ancient  Rome  and Egyptians made Gelato from snow and ice.

Gelato is an Italian ice cream made of milk and sugar flavoured with fruit and nut purees. The history of Gelato comes from Sicily which is an island of Italy. In 1686, an Italian fisherman from Sicily developed the first icecream machine. Italy is the only country of the world where Gelato ‘s share of bulk produce is over 55 %.

Gelato: Italia

 

Indian restaurants in Rome

This  includes all the Indian eateries in this historical city. It is for people who crave Indian food.

Ganesha India: Via Labicana

Krishna 13 Via Foscollo

Jaipur Restaranto Indiano

Via De SanFrescoa Ripa

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